Processing Livestock Waste with Zeolite

Animal husbandry is an important aspect of our lives. Many of the products we consume daily come from animal husbandry, such as meat, eggs, wool, cheese, yogurt, and so on. Therefore, livestock business throughout the world will not be quenched. Farms are managed by farmers by raising livestock to be used as multipurpose products. Some of the most common livestock raised are cows, chickens, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits, and so on. Farming trends also vary by region, depending on what is consumed the most there.

The process of raising livestock in general is to meet the needs of animals such as feed and a comfortable environment. The aim is to make animals more productive. The more productive the livestock, the more profitable the breeder.

The process of raising livestock is also closely related to livestock waste. Livestock waste is all the remaining waste from livestock business activities, either in the form of liquid waste, solid waste, or in the form of gas. Solid waste is all waste in the form of solid or in a solid phase (cattle dung, dead cattle, or entrails from slaughtering herds). Liquid waste is all waste that is in the form of liquid or is in a liquid phase (urine, water washing equipment). Waste gas is all gas in the form of gas or is in the gas phase. The presence of pollutants in the water in an abnormal amount resulted in water being declared polluted. One cow weighing 400-500 kg can produce 27.7-30 kg / day of solid and liquid waste. Among these three types of livestock waste, liquid waste is the most widely produced waste and liquid waste from the livestock business activities is believed to still contain a lot of mineral substances that can be used by microalgae for their growth.

Zeolites are a group of minerals produced from hydrothermal processes in igneous rock. This mineral is usually found to fill gaps or fractures from the rock. In addition, zeolites are also deposits of volcanic activity that contain many silica elements. At present the use of zeolite minerals is increasing, from use in small industries to large scale industries. In developed countries such as the United States, zeolites are truly utilized in industry. Because of the properties possessed by zeolites, these minerals can be utilized in various fields, such as in the industrial sector, namely as materials that can be used to help treat factory waste. The problem of industrial waste is increasingly troubling the community, so many efforts have been made to overcome this waste pollution, either by reducing the volume of wasted waste or by recycling it again.

Zeolites have properties that are capable of exchanging cations, filter of fine-sized objects, absorbent of gas or liquid and as catalyst, can also prevent ammonia poisoning due to the use of non-protein nitrogen (NPN) material, and absorbent organic compounds. Zeolite has a high absorption which is useful as a catcher for various free chemical elements so as not to pollute or poison the environment, animals and humans. Zeolites in the field of animal husbandry used as food additives in chicken, pork and beef rations. Zeolites play a role in preventing and treating diseases of the digestive tract such as diarrhea, increasing body weight, improving feed conversion, reducing the highly pungent odor from impurities and preventing mold fungi during storage.

Zeolite can be used to obtain pure methane gas from waste in the form of rotting waste or waste from a farm. The dry methane gas is then flowed through tubes containing dried zeolite mineral powder, usually used is a type of kabasite or erionite zeolite, into the tube CO2 gas will be absorbed and bound by zeolite so that it will produce pure methane gas.

Utilization of zeolite to process cattle farm waste is by mixing it directly into cow dung. Zeolite will absorb cations and / or anions that cause odors that are in the dirt so it will not be easily separated. Zeolite is also able to agglomerate manure so that it can accelerate the process of ripening cow dung as organic fertilizer.

The types of zeolites suitable for animal husbandry applications are Clinoptilolite, Mordenite, and Khabazit. The three types of zeolites are alkaline zeolites (bases).

Thank you for reading this article. If you need zeolite supplier, please contact us. Nusagri have exported natural zeolite overseas. High quality zeolite from Nusagri can improve your plants productivity, clean your water, and keep your animals healthy. There are also many articles in our website. Please check our website for new articles.  

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