The wealth of flora and fauna in Indonesia cannot be doubted. as an archipelagic country and located on the equator, Indonesia has many kinds of exotic flora and animals that are rarely found elsewhere. 
In fact, most of the diversity of plants that we have only exist in Indonesia. The fertile soil of our country forms a wide variety of endemic plants specifically for Indonesia, which can be found from Sabang to Merauke.
Unfortunately, some of these special endemic plants for Indonesia are threatened with extinction. What are the special plants in Indonesia? come on, get to know more about these special Indonesian endemic plants!.

  • Black Orchid 
Black Orchid

Orchids that are commonly known are usually brightly colored like purple and white, but Indonesia has a unique type of orchid that differs from the origin of the two colors, namely the black orchid. There are two types of black orchids in Indonesia, namely the Kalimantan black orchid and the Papua black orchid. Although both are called black orchids, both the Kalimantan and Papua black orchids have different shapes. The black orchid of Borneo has green flowers and black flowers. Meanwhile, the black Papuan orchid has jet-black flowers with brightly colored pistils.


  • The super large Padma flower (Rafflesia Arnoldii) 

Rafflesia Arnoldi , this next special Indonesian plant, besides being only found in Indonesia, is also a rare plant. Due to the rarity of this plant, the super large Padma flower is ranked first in the world as an endangered plant. In contrast to flowers in general which have a pleasant aroma, Rafflesia Arnoldii has a special, pungent odor. for this reason, the giant Padma Flower or Rafflesia Arnoldii is also considered a corpse flower. This flower from a special Indonesian plant has a very large size and weight, with a diameter of 1 meter and weighing up to 10 kilograms. 
three. Kibut or super large carrion flower 
super large carrion flower
there is one more plant in Indonesia that has a very pungent odor and is almost extinct, namely Kibut. Kibut can only be found in Indonesia, more precisely on the island of Sumatra. Even though they both smell bad, Kibut is different from using Rafflesia Arnoldii. This plant has a cob or a towering part.

  • Sulawesi ebony

it is no longer a mystery. If teak wood that can be found in   Indonesia has an exorbitant price. Well, typical Indonesian plants that cannot be found in other areas, this one is almost as expensive as wood from teak trees. is Sulawesi black wood, a dark brown plant and sometimes black and reddish mottled. The wood taken from this endemic Indonesian plant has a quality that cannot be doubted. In general, this typical Indonesian endemic plant is usually used to make furniture, sculptures, carvings, and musical instruments. abroad, this high-priced Sulawesi black wood is known as black ebony. Also read: Exploring the natural aesthetics of Indonesia which are well known throughout the world.


  • Javanese Edelweiss 

This next typical Indonesian plant is very rare because it can only grow in the highlands, namely the Javanese Edelweiss. This plant can generally be found in mountainous areas and grows after an eruption. You can easily find Edelweiss flowers on Mount Gede, Pangrango, Papandayan and Rinjani.
because of these special environmental conditions, it’s no wonder you rarely find Edelweiss in plant stores.  Not to mention that the population of this flower is decreasing due to the ignorant hands of the mountain climbers who pick and bring this flower back as a gift. Even though after coming down from the mountain this flower will die and cannot reproduce. So if you happen to come back to the areas that have been mentioned and find this plant, don’t pick it!

What are zeolite catalysts?


Another important use for zeolites is as catalysts in drug (pharmaceutical) production and in the petrochemical industry, where they’re used in catalytic crackers to break large hydrocarbon molecules into gasoline, diesel, kerosene, waxes and all kinds of other byproducts of petroleum. Again, it’s the porous structure of zeolites that proves important. The many pores in a zeolite’s open structure are like millions of tiny test tubes where atoms and molecules become trapped and chemical reactions readily take place. Since the pores in a particular zeolite are of a fixed size and shape, zeolite catalysts can work selectively on certain molecules, which is why they’re sometimes referred to as shape-selective catalysts (they can select the molecules they work on in other ways beside shape and size, however). Like all catalysts, zeolites are reusable over and over again.

Separating Used Oil Using Filtration & Ceramic Zeolite

The increasing growth of motor vehicles is in line with the large demand for vehicle lubricants needed to run the vehicle properly, the required oil must always be replaced at a certain time, and will leave unused or waste used oil. used oil is a class of hazardous and toxic waste,- because used oil can damage the environment such as if used oil enters the soil and the soil will become barren and will lose its nutrients, while the nature of used oil which cannot dissolve in water will cause damage to the water ecosystem, and used oil has hydrocarbon compounds that cause the used oil to be flammable.
Used oil is a liquid waste that comes from the use of motorcycle engines, cars, and other motorized machines. Used oil has hydrocarbon compounds, a hazardous and toxic waste material, when the engine is moved or turned on the engine will move and will experience friction on the metal which will cause a particle release process, in a state of particle release it is usually called thirsty in the machine. This can cause the motor engine to quickly break down.
Filtration is a method of cleaning particles by passing them through a filtering medium, particles having a size > of the membrane pores will be retained, while particles < of the membrane pores will penetrate the membrane wall. In the filtration process several steps must be carried out as follows:
First, do the heated process using a heater with a temperature of 40 Degrees Celsius for running.
Second, used oil must be treated with primary treatment, to reduce impurities, this process can use bentonite.
Third, used oil goes through a filter made from silica sand.
Fourth, used oil through zeolite-based filtration, the used oil is input into the filtration from above, then with the gravitational force, the used oil will flow down through the zeolite section as a filter aimed at separating the metals contained in the used oil. The more filter media, the better the filtration results. The advantages of zeolite in various fields have been described in the previous article. If you don’t mind check out our full article on the Nusagri blog.w

The Benefits of Using Zeolite for Agriculture

Zeolite was first discovered by Cronstedt in 1756, according to some geochemists and scientists estimate that zeolite is the result of the condensation of volcanoes into volcanic rock, transformative rock, and sedimentary rock. Zeolites are alumina-silica crystals containing K+ (Potassium), Na+ (Sodium), Ca2+ (calcium), and Mg2+ (Magnesium) cations, while synthetic zeolites usually only contain K+ (calcium), and Na+ (Sodium). ). Zeolite has an active side that is negatively charged which can bind charge balancing cations. Zeolite has a hollow structure or pores, usually, this cavity is widely used as an adsorbent, filter, natural cation exchanger, and used as a catalyst.

First, zeolite has been popular since 1950 until now, Previously zeolite was a green stone and only used as decoration on walls, but as human civilization developed more and more sophisticated, the use of zeolite is also growing in various fields, especially in agriculture, usually the farmers use zeolites to maintain soil moisture, but not only that, there are several benefits of zeolites for agriculture, including:

1. Zeolites can improve soil conditions, ranging from physical, chemical, biological soil conditions, exchange cations in the soil, and improve soil aggregation,- so that the soil pores will increase.

2. The content of micro and macro elements contained in zeolite can increase the nutrient content of plants. because natural zeolite is a type of mineral or compound composed of hydrated silica (SiO2) with sodium (Na), potassium (K), and barium (Ba) cations, while synthetic zeolites usually contain potassium (K+) and sodium (Na+) compounds. has unique properties such as filtering or separating molecules based on molecular size and configuration, easy to modify, reusable, and non-toxic, so it is very good to be used as an adsorbent material as well as a natural exchange material.

3. Zeolites can reduce the solubility of Fe (iron) and Al (aluminum) ions, thereby reducing heavy metal poisoning in plants, this is supported by the unique properties of zeolites such as filters or separating molecules based on molecular size and configuration, easy to modify, can reusable, and non-toxic, so it is very good to be used as an adsorbent material as well as a natural exchange material. So that the zeolite can absorb the content of (Fe) Ferrum which is quite effective.

4. release the nutrients needed by plants regularly and longer, because zeolite has a hollow structure that can absorb the elements needed by plants. For example, in the efficiency of fertilization (N) Nitrogen with the addition of zeolite can absorb the ammonium released by the fertilizer. If the nitrate in the soil decreases, the ammonium that has been absorbed by the zeolite will be released back into the soil. With that, (N) nitrogen that has been given to the soil can be available for a longer time. The comparison is if fertilization (N) nitrogen does not use zeolite, the nitrate will quickly change.

5. Zeolite can be used as a Plant Growing Media as well as being useful for minimizing the loss of fertilizer carried by water, and can eliminate odors. The advantages of zeolite in various fields have been described in the previous article. If you don’t mind check out our full article on the Nusagri blog.

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